World Day Against Child Labour (June 12), Understanding, Observing, and Taking Action


Discover the history and significance of the World Day Against Child Labour, its activities, and how you can contribute to ending child labor. Learn about the impact of child labor, ways to raise awareness, and practical steps to observe the day.

World Day Against Child Labour

The World Day Against Child Labour is an international observance held on June 12th each year to raise awareness and promote action against child labor. It aims to draw attention to the plight of millions of children around the world who are engaged in various forms of labor, depriving them of their childhood, education, and overall well-being.

Child labor refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful to them. It can include work that is hazardous, prevents children from attending school, or interferes with their ability to enjoy a healthy and nurturing childhood.

The World Day Against Child Labour was established by the International Labour Organization (ILO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, in 2002. It brings together governments, employers, workers’ organizations, civil society, and individuals to advocate for the elimination of child labor and the protection of children’s rights.


On this day, various activities and events are organized globally to raise awareness about the issue of child labor, its consequences, and the importance of taking measures to eradicate it. These activities may include conferences, seminars, workshops, campaigns, exhibitions, and other initiatives aimed at mobilizing support and fostering cooperation among stakeholders to combat child labor.

The ultimate goal of the World Day Against Child Labour is to contribute to the global effort to eliminate child labor in all its forms and ensure that every child enjoys their right to education, health, and a safe and dignified childhood.

History of World Day Against Child Labour

The World Day Against Child Labour has a history that dates back to 2002 when it was first established by the International Labour Organization (ILO), a specialized agency of the United Nations. The ILO has been at the forefront of efforts to address child labor globally and has been instrumental in raising awareness and promoting action to eliminate it.

The decision to designate June 12th as the World Day Against Child Labour was made during the ILO’s International Labour Conference in 2002. This date was chosen to coincide with the presentation of the ILO’s first global report on child labor, which provided comprehensive data and analysis on the extent and nature of child labor worldwide.

Since its inception, the World Day Against Child Labour has served as an annual platform to focus attention on the issue of child labor and mobilize efforts to combat it. Each year, a specific theme is chosen to guide the activities and campaigns surrounding the observance, with the aim of highlighting different aspects of child labor and the need for collective action.

Over the years, the World Day Against Child Labour has played a crucial role in raising awareness about the detrimental effects of child labor on children’s rights, education, health, and overall development. It has provided a platform for governments, employers, workers’ organizations, civil society, and individuals to come together, share experiences, and discuss strategies to address child labor at national and international levels.

The World Day Against Child Labour has also contributed to the formulation and adoption of various policies, laws, and conventions aimed at preventing and eliminating child labor. For instance, the ILO’s Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, which has been ratified by numerous countries, has played a significant role in shaping the global response to child labor.


Through its ongoing advocacy efforts, the World Day Against Child Labour continues to shed light on the issue, inspire action, and push for stronger commitments and initiatives to eradicate child labor and protect the rights of children worldwide.

How to Observe and Activities World Day Against Child Labour

Observing the World Day Against Child Labour involves raising awareness about child labor and taking action to combat it. Here are some ways to observe the day and engage in activities:

  1. Education and Awareness:
    • Organize seminars, workshops, or webinars to educate people about the issue of child labor, its causes, consequences, and ways to address it.
    • Conduct awareness campaigns in schools, colleges, and community centers to inform students, parents, and the general public about the importance of ending child labor.
    • Share informative materials, such as brochures, posters, and infographics, on social media platforms and websites to reach a wider audience.
    • Collaborate with local media outlets to publish articles or host discussions that highlight the issue of child labor.
  2. Advocacy and Policy:
    • Engage with policymakers and government officials to advocate for stronger laws and policies against child labor. Encourage them to ratify and enforce international conventions, such as ILO Convention No. 182.
    • Join or support local and international organizations working to combat child labor. Participate in their advocacy campaigns and initiatives.
    • Write letters or emails to your representatives, urging them to prioritize the elimination of child labor and allocate resources for effective interventions.
  3. Community Engagement:
    • Collaborate with local community organizations, NGOs, and schools to organize events and activities that raise awareness about child labor.
    • Arrange art competitions, essay contests, or poster exhibitions for students, encouraging them to express their views on child labor and its impact.
    • Organize community discussions or public forums where people can share their experiences, ideas, and solutions for ending child labor.
    • Partner with businesses, trade unions, and employers’ organizations to promote responsible business practices and ensure that supply chains are free from child labor.
  4. Social Media and Online Campaigns:
    • Utilize social media platforms to share stories, facts, and statistics about child labor. Use hashtags like #NoChildLabour and #EndChildLabor to amplify the message.
    • Encourage individuals to change their profile pictures or banners on social media to display solidarity with the cause.
    • Share success stories and initiatives from around the world that have made progress in eliminating child labor.
    • Collaborate with influencers, bloggers, and content creators who can help spread awareness about child labor to a wider audience.
  5. Fundraising and Support:
    • Organize fundraising events or campaigns to support organizations that work directly with children affected by labor exploitation.
    • Encourage donations to reputable charities that focus on eliminating child labor and rehabilitating affected children.
    • Volunteer your time and skills to organizations working on child labor issues, whether it’s by providing tutoring, mentorship, or other forms of support to rescued child laborers.

Remember, the World Day Against Child Labour is an opportunity to not only raise awareness but also take concrete actions that contribute to the elimination of child labor and ensure a brighter future for children worldwide.

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