National Crawfish Day (April 17) History, Facts, and Activities


Learn about the history and significance of National Crawfish Day, explore interesting facts about crawfish, and discover fun activities to celebrate this delicious and culturally significant crustacean.

National Crawfish Day is a day set aside to celebrate the cultural and culinary significance of crawfish, a freshwater crustacean that is commonly found in the southern United States, particularly Louisiana. National Crawfish Day is actually celebrated on April 17th every year. The day typically involves the consumption of crawfish in various forms, including boiled, fried, and in traditional Cajun dishes like étouffée and jambalaya. It also serves as an opportunity to raise awareness about the economic and environmental importance of the crawfish industry, which contributes significantly to the economy of Louisiana and other states in the region.

History of National Crawfish Day

The history of National Crawfish Day is not entirely clear. However, it is believed to have originated in Louisiana, which is known for its rich culinary traditions and is also the largest producer of crawfish in the United States.

The earliest known celebration of National Crawfish Day dates back to 1950, when the Louisiana Crawfish Producers Association hosted a crawfish boil in Henderson, Louisiana. This event became an annual tradition, and eventually led to the establishment of National Crawfish Day.

National Crawfish Day (April 17)


Over the years, National Crawfish Day has grown in popularity and is now celebrated in various parts of the United States, particularly in regions where crawfish are a popular delicacy. The day is marked by crawfish festivals, seafood boils, and other events that showcase the culinary and cultural significance of crawfish.


Today, National Crawfish Day serves as an opportunity to celebrate the unique flavors and traditions of Louisiana cuisine, while also recognizing the economic and environmental importance of the crawfish industry.

Crawfish Timeline

Here is a timeline of some notable events in the history of crawfish:

  • Prehistoric Times: Crawfish have existed for millions of years, and fossils of these creatures have been found in rocks dating back to the Jurassic Period.
  • 1600s: French settlers in Louisiana are believed to have introduced crawfish to North America. They called them “écrevisses,” which is the French word for crayfish.
  • 1800s: Crawfish begin to be harvested commercially in Louisiana, primarily as a food source for enslaved Africans.
  • 1920s: The first crawfish farm is established in Louisiana, marking the beginning of a new era in the crawfish industry.
  • 1950s: The Louisiana Crawfish Producers Association hosts the first crawfish boil in Henderson, Louisiana, which becomes an annual tradition and helps to popularize crawfish as a regional delicacy.
  • 1970s: The crawfish industry in Louisiana experiences significant growth, and crawfish become a major source of income for many farmers and fishermen in the state.
  • 1980s: Crawfish begin to gain popularity outside of Louisiana, particularly in neighboring states like Texas and Mississippi.
  • 1990s: The popularity of crawfish continues to grow, and more and more restaurants and food vendors begin to offer crawfish dishes on their menus.
  • 2000s: Crawfish festivals and other events celebrating the crustacean become increasingly common throughout the southern United States.
  • Present Day: Crawfish remain an important part of Louisiana’s cultural and culinary heritage, and continue to be a popular food item both in the United States and around the world.

National Crawfish Day Activities

National Crawfish Day is a great opportunity to celebrate and enjoy the delicious flavors of crawfish while also learning more about the cultural and economic significance of this crustacean. Here are some activities you can do to celebrate National Crawfish Day:

  1. Attend a Crawfish Festival: Many towns and cities across the southern United States host crawfish festivals on or around National Crawfish Day. These festivals typically feature live music, crawfish boils, and other fun activities for the whole family.
  2. Cook a Crawfish Dish: If you’re feeling adventurous in the kitchen, try cooking up a traditional crawfish dish like crawfish étouffée, crawfish pie, or a crawfish boil. There are plenty of recipes available online to help you get started.
  3. Go on a Crawfish Tour: Some Louisiana tour companies offer crawfish farm tours where you can learn more about how crawfish are raised and harvested. This is a great way to gain a deeper appreciation for the crawfish industry and the hard work that goes into bringing these delicious creatures to your plate.
  4. Learn About the History of Crawfish: Take some time to read up on the history of crawfish in Louisiana and the role it has played in the state’s culture and economy. This will give you a better understanding of the significance of National Crawfish Day.
  5. Support Local Crawfish Producers: If you’re a fan of crawfish, consider supporting local crawfish producers by purchasing crawfish from a nearby market or restaurant. This helps to support the local economy and ensures that you’re getting the freshest, most delicious crawfish possible.

Interesting Facts About Crawfish

Here are some interesting facts about crawfish:

  1. Crawfish are also known as crayfish, crawdads, and mudbugs.
  2. There are over 400 species of crawfish found throughout the world.
  3. Crawfish can be found in freshwater habitats such as streams, rivers, lakes, and swamps.
  4. Crawfish are omnivores and feed on a variety of plants, insects, and small animals.
  5. In Louisiana, crawfish are a $300 million industry and provide jobs for over 7,000 people.
  6. Crawfish have been around for over 30 million years, and fossils of ancient crawfish have been found in rocks dating back to the Jurassic Period.
  7. The largest crawfish ever caught weighed over 20 pounds and was caught in Louisiana in 1987.
  8. Crawfish can regenerate lost limbs and claws.
  9. Crawfish are an important part of the food chain and are eaten by a variety of animals including fish, birds, and mammals.
  10. Crawfish are popular in many cultures around the world and are used in a variety of dishes, including étouffée, gumbo, and jambalaya in Louisiana, and paella in Spain.
  11. Crawfish are often used as bait for fishing and are a popular food for recreational fishing as well.
  12. Crawfish are rich in protein and low in fat, making them a healthy and nutritious food option.
  13. Crawfish are an invasive species in some parts of the world, including Europe and Japan, where they are often considered a pest.
  14. Crawfish are able to survive out of water for several days as long as their gills remain moist. This allows them to travel over land during floods or to move between bodies of water.

Why We Love and Celebrate National Crawfish Day

There are many reasons why we love and celebrate National Crawfish Day. Here are a few:

  1. Delicious Flavor: Crawfish are known for their sweet and slightly spicy flavor, which makes them a favorite food for many people. Whether boiled, fried, or served in a variety of dishes, crawfish offer a unique and delicious taste that is hard to resist.
  2. Cultural Significance: Crawfish have a rich cultural history in Louisiana and other parts of the southern United States. Celebrating National Crawfish Day allows us to recognize and honor this cultural heritage.
  3. Economic Importance: Crawfish are an important part of the economy in many parts of the southern United States. Celebrating National Crawfish Day is a way to support local crawfish producers and raise awareness of the economic importance of this industry.
  4. Community Building: Crawfish boils and other crawfish-related events are a great way to bring people together and build community. Whether you’re enjoying a crawfish boil with friends and family or attending a crawfish festival, these events provide a fun and festive atmosphere that brings people together.
  5. Environmental Awareness: As an important part of freshwater ecosystems, celebrating National Crawfish Day can also help to raise awareness of the importance of protecting and preserving these habitats and the animals that live in them.


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