Behavioral science deals with the analysis of human and animal behavior in different types of environments. Let’s take a look at some behavioral science experiments you could do.
Behavioral science includes all branches of science that investigate the interactions between organisms in the natural world. It consists in the analysis of human and animal behavior through experiments. The science of behavior is the study of communication within and among the organisms that make up the social system. The behavioral sciences take into account psychology and neuroscience to analyze the behavior of humans and animals.
Behavioral science experiments are carried out in order to reveal behavioral patterns in animals or humans and investigate their responses to stimuli. Their behavior patterns in a certain type of environment help researchers to infer how an individual behaves in a particular type of environment or situation. It leads them to make observations about patterns in human and animal behavior.
Experiments on human behavior
You will need some volunteers who are ready to experiment. Give them a clear idea of what the experiments will be and assure them that they are only helping you with the analysis of behavior and that the experiments will not harm them in any way. Before beginning the experiments, make sure that the volunteers are comfortable with the configuration.
Effect of colors
Have children of different ages as volunteers. The objective of this experiment is to analyze how colors affect human choices. Place plastic balls of various sizes and colors and ask the children to choose one. Observe the color chosen by the majority. See if size affected the choice of color and how. Infer if the age or sex of the children affected the choice of color.
As a variant of this experiment, have a brief passage written in different colors and ask the volunteers to memorize the content. Observe whether the color of the writing makes the content easy or difficult to memorize.
Reactions to media content
Have teenagers or adults as volunteers. Show them scenes from films of different genres and observe their reactions. His observations might include things like who laughed the most at seeing a comic scene or who was the most frightened when watching a horror scene, or how everyone reacted to the violence. Check the blood pressure of the volunteers at the end of the experiment. Infer how different emotions affect your blood pressure levels.
As a variant of this experiment, give each volunteer something to read. Choose from joke books, romantic stories, murder mysteries, etc. and observe how deeply involved the subjects are and how the emotions portrayed by the books affect them. Observe how they react to the content and observe the change in their blood pressure levels at the end of the reading session.
Another variant of this is to expose the volunteers to different types of music and take into account what kind of music is preferred by the majority and what kind of music they do not like. Keep in mind if parameters such as volume, tonal quality and the musical instruments involved influence the reactions of the volunteers. I could analyze if people who like the same kind of music have certain features in common. This should allow you to infer how personality affects your taste for music.
How gender affects interaction
Have a group of girls and boys as volunteers. Match each girl with a child and give each couple a topic to discuss. Observe the way they interact. In each pair, observe who speaks more, who listens more and who communicates with more confidence. Infer if the gender influences the forms of interaction.
As a variant of this or if the number of children is smaller, ask them to form a group and give them a topic for discussion or brainstorming. Observe the behavior and degree of participation of each child in the discussion, observe who is more vocal and who chooses to be the spectator. Infer if the gender is linked to the degree of participation.
Answers to Situations
Have adults as volunteers. Give the group hypothetical situations and ask them to express their reactions. Consider who is the quickest to react or show promptness in answering. Make observations about how the age, sex, education, as well as the cultural and educational background of the subjects affect their responses.
Adapt to technology
Have older people as volunteers. Give some of them tablets (computers) to read and let others read books. Make observations about your reading speeds and capture content in two different ways. Observe the degree of discomfort experienced initially and if, and at what time, they could adapt to reading the screen and the book.
Experiments on animal behavior
Animal behavior has always been a subject of interest to many. Because animals do not communicate as humans do, it is even more interesting to understand their behavior patterns. For these experiments, it is advisable to take the help of someone trained in handling animals or someone who is used to working with them. In addition, you must ensure that no animal is harmed in the process.
Effect of light on worms
As your device, take live worms, dirt, starter food and transparencies of different colors. Simulate a worm habitat with the help of food and soil. Carefully place the worms in the environment created by you. Replace the transparencies, one color at a time and observe the changes in the behavior of the worms. This experiment needs expert guidance.
The objective of this experiment is to study the behavior of ants in the presence of different types of sugars. Simulates small-scale ant habitat. Prepare solutions of different types of sugars, for example, honey, molasses and table sugar. Shake well and place them in the habitat of the ant. Notice which sugar solution attracts most ants. Find the required guide and take the necessary security measures.
How cats respond to stimuli
The stimuli could be food for cats, objects with which cats can play or even music. Observe how cats react to these stimuli, whether a cat drives them and others follow, or if each cat reacts differently and at a different time. Gather information about the general behavior of the cats of their breeders or owners. It will help you infer how your race or environment influenced your responses to the stimuli.
Breed and Dog Behavior
The objective of this experiment is to analyze how dogs of different races react to situations. Place a certain toy or your favorite food in front of them and watch how each dog reacts and how fast. Consider the degree of aggression or calm that each dog shows. Also keep in mind other observable behaviors, such as barking, drooling, sniffing, running toward or away from stimuli, etc.
The nature and behavior patterns of humans and animals are so complex and unpredictable that they arouse the interest of many. Although experiments like these are not enough to draw concrete conclusions about their nature or behavior, they are good ways to analyze how genetic, environmental and other factors influence behavior. Choose one of the behavioral science experiments that we have given here, or your own. Children are advised to conduct these experiments under the supervision of an adult and, for anyone who performs these procedures, it is advisable to take appropriate guidance and safety measures, as appropriate.