#### Who was Charles Babbage? Information on Charles Babbage biography, life story, works and inventions. Charles Babbage contributions to math.

Charles Babbage (1791-1871) was an English mathematician, inventor, and mechanical engineer who is best known for his work on the development of the first mechanical computer, the “Analytical Engine.” Babbage is considered to be the “father of the computer” because of his contributions to the field of computer science.

Babbage was born in London and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. He became interested in mathematics and mechanics at an early age and began working on designs for mechanical calculating machines in the 1820s. His first design, the “Difference Engine,” was intended to be a machine that could calculate and print tables of mathematical functions. However, the project was never completed due to funding issues and technical difficulties.

In the 1830s, Babbage began work on a more advanced design called the “Analytical Engine,” which was intended to be a general-purpose mechanical computer that could perform any calculation that could be expressed in mathematical notation. Babbage spent many years working on the Analytical Engine and was able to complete a prototype of the machine, although it was never built.

Despite the fact that he never built a fully operational mechanical computer, Babbage’s work had a significant impact on the development of computer science. His ideas and designs inspired later inventors and helped to lay the foundation for the modern computer. Babbage died in London in 1871 at the age of 79.

#### Contributions to Math

Charles Babbage made several contributions to mathematics during his career. In addition to his work on the development of mechanical computers, he also made significant contributions to the field of mathematics itself.

One of Babbage’s most important contributions to mathematics was his development of the concept of a “table of functions.” Prior to Babbage’s work, mathematical tables were typically calculated by hand, which was a time-consuming and error-prone process. Babbage’s difference engine was designed to automate the process of calculating and printing mathematical tables, and his work on this machine led to the development of more advanced mechanical computers.

Babbage also made important contributions to the field of statistics. In 1820, he published a paper on the use of statistical methods in the census, and he later developed a method for calculating the variance of a set of data, which is known as Babbage’s correction.

In addition to his technical contributions to mathematics, Babbage was also an important figure in the history of mathematics education. He was a strong advocate for the teaching of mathematics in schools and was a co-founder of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, which was an organization that worked to promote education and knowledge among the general public.

### Bio 2

**Charles Babbage; **(1792-1871), English mathematician, who built calculating machines whose design anticipated many features of modern electronic computers. In 1822, Babbage announced the construction of a small calculating machine that could perform intricate, mathematical calculations correctly and rapidly. On the recommendation of the Royal Society he received financial backing from the government in 1823 to construct a larger machine (a difference engine).

Babbage abandoned this undertaking about 10 years later in order to build a more complicated device, which he called an analytical engine. This machine worked with punched cards, like the Jacquard loom. However, the government refused to support Babbage in this project, and the machine was never completed, although Babbage devoted 37 years and much of his personal fortune to perfecting it. Lady Lovelace, a daughter of Lord Byron, wrote a program for the analytical engine.

Babbage was born near Teignmouth, England, on Dec. 26, 1792. He graduated from Peterhouse College, Cambridge, in 1814 and was a professor of mathematics at Cambridge from 1828 to 1839. He died on Oct. 18, 1871. His works include Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1 to 108000 (1827), On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures (1832), and Passages from the Life of a Philosopher (1864).