Discover the nuances and complexities of the adverb “just” in English, including its different shades of meaning, idiomatic expressions, and common errors to avoid.
Definition of Just
The word “just” can be used as an adjective, adverb, or a conjunction, and has several different definitions. Here are some common meanings of “just”:
- Fair, impartial, or unbiased; based on truth, fact, or reason. For example, “The judge made a just decision.”
- Recently occurring or happening in the immediate past. For example, “I just finished my homework.”
- Only, simply, or exactly; used to emphasize a small or limited amount. For example, “I just need a few more minutes.”
- Exactly, precisely, or accurately; used to emphasize precision or correctness. For example, “The measurements are just right.”
- Merely, solely, or exclusively; used to emphasize a singular focus or purpose. For example, “I’m just here to pick up my package.”
Overall, “just” is a versatile word that can be used to express fairness, recentness, emphasis, precision, and exclusivity.
How is “Just” used in English? What are the rules of use of “Just”?
As an adverb, “just” can be used to modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Here are some common rules for using “just” in English:
- To express recentness or immediacy: Use “just” to describe an action that happened in the immediate past, or to indicate that something is happening right now. For example: “I just saw her a few minutes ago,” or “I’m just finishing up some work.”
- To emphasize a small amount: Use “just” to indicate that something is small, limited, or insignificant. For example: “Can I have just a little bit of ice cream?” or “It’s just a scratch.”
- To express fairness or impartiality: Use “just” to describe a decision or action that is based on truth, fact, or reason. For example: “The judge made a just ruling,” or “I only want what’s just and right.”
- To indicate precision or correctness: Use “just” to emphasize accuracy or exactness. For example: “The temperature is just right,” or “I need you to be just a little bit more careful.”
- To express exclusivity or focus: Use “just” to emphasize a singular focus or purpose. For example: “I’m just here to pick up my keys,” or “I just need a few more minutes to finish this.”
In general, “just” is a versatile word that can be used to express a variety of meanings and functions, depending on the context and situation.
Examples of Just in a sentence
- I just saw your sister at the store.
- Could you just pass me the salt, please?
- The movie just started, we haven’t missed anything yet.
- I’m just about ready to leave.
- It’s just a little bit farther, keep walking.
- I’m just trying to do my best.
- Could you just hold on for a minute?
- It’s just not worth the hassle.
- I just received a text message from my boss.
- This cake is just delicious!
- I just need a moment to collect my thoughts.
- Can we just talk about something else for a change?
- I’m just so grateful for your help.
- Let’s just take a deep breath and relax.
- That’s just ridiculous, I can’t believe it.
- Could you just let me know what time the party starts?
- He’s just a beginner, so be patient with him.
- This shirt is just perfect, I love it.
- Can we just forget about it and move on?
- I just finished reading a great book.
- That’s just the way things are sometimes.
- Can you just imagine how amazing it would be to travel the world?
- Let’s just go out and have some fun tonight.
- I’m just not feeling very well today.
- It’s just a matter of time before we reach our goal.
- Could you just explain that to me one more time?
- This coffee is just what I needed to start my day.
- Can we just agree to disagree?
- I’m just so glad to see you again after all this time.
- It’s just too early to make any decisions right now.