What is the definition of Cell Cycle? Information about the definition of Cell Cycle.
It is known as an ordered sequence of events that links proliferation and cell division, where the mother cell gives rise to two daughter cells. This can be divided into two phases, the interface and phase M or mitosis. The cell cycle is also responsible, above all, in multicellular organisms for the development, growth and renewal of the same cells.
The interface includes the stage of the cell cycle in the genetic material or DNA, which is duplicated like other cells. It is divided into three sub-steps, G1, S and G2 being these complex intervals of the cycle. Mitosis is part of the stages of the cell cycle in which the genetic material is duplicated and distributed equally. As the interface is divided into 4 parts, which are known as the prophase, anaphase, metaphase and telophase. This is followed by the cytokinesis or cytodireisis that corresponds to the final part of the cell cycle, where the cytoplasmic material is distributed equitably, giving as an end the formation of two daughter cells identical to the mother.
The subject of the cell cycle and its process is the protagonist of great scientific debates, especially in a subject as delicate as cloning. This process of artificially creating life by obtaining one or several individuals from a cell group or a nucleus of another individual, distributing in equal genetic parts, thus obtaining identical beings to the original or creating a replica of the existing one. The use of the cell cycle for the creation of genetically similar beings loses its essence with the lack of maternal and paternal combinations, which generates individuals that are very different from each other. That is why the subject of the cell cycle scientifically speaking causes so much commotion and often mistrust.
There is a series of points called “checkpoints” of the cycle. They examine the external and internal conditions before deciding to move on to the next phase. When this control is lost, the cells can work incorrectly and often in conditions where they can even get damaged DNA, which can cause the creation of tumors and the proliferation of uncontrolled cells.