Who is Seth Thomas? Information on American clock manufacturer Seth Thomas biography, life story, works and clocks.
Seth Thomas; (1785-1859), American clock manufacturer, whose skill in business organization and production techniques helped change the American clock industry from small-scale craftsmanship to mass production.
Thomas was born in Wolcott, Conn., on Aug. 19, 1785. After very little formal education he was apprenticed to a carpenter. In 1807 he formed a company with Silas Hoadley and Eli Terry, a former peddler who was fascinated with Eli Whitney’s idea of interchangeable parts for machines. In three years they produced 4,000 clocks in their water-powered factory in Plymouth, Conn.
In 1812, Thomas set up his own factory in Plymouth Hollow (now Thomaston). In 1814, for $1,000, he bought the rights for manufacturing Terry’s “perfected shelf clock,” a 30-hour clock with wooden works that became the most popular clock of the era. It sold at first for $15, but the price was reduced to $5 through increased efficiency and sales. In 1838, Thomas began to use brass clock movements. In 1853 he established the Seth Thomas Clock Co., capitalized at $75,000. He died in Plymouth on Jan. 29 1859.
His son Seth, Jr. (1816-1888) increased the scope of the business to include a wide variety of timepieces and an international market. The firm provides a classic example of the New England family business.