Who is Charles Robert Richet? Information on Charles Robert Richet biography, life story, works, contributions and writings.
Charles Robert Richet; (1850-1935), French physiologist, who founded the study of allergic disorders. He was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in recognition of his work on anaphylaxis; a severe allergic reaction.
Born in Paris, on Aug. 26, 1850, Richet received a degree in medicine from the University of Paris in 1877 and was professor of physiology there from 1887 to 1927. Richet worked as a scientist in several fields outside the usual confines of physiology, wrote novels and plays, was an active pacifist, and toward the end of his life developed an interest in parapsychology. He died in Paris on Dec. 4, 1935.
Charles Robert Richet arrived at the concept of anaphylaxis during experiments to determine the toxic dose of poison extracted from the tentacles of the sea anemone. Hé found that dogs that recovered from an initial dose of the toxin were so sensitized that they reacted with extreme symptoms to even a tiny second dose. Further investigation of the phenomenon, which Charles Robert Richet called anaphylaxis, showed that it had characteristic symptoms of its own, which are not related to the symptoms produced by the initial injection of toxin.