Ascension Day, Significance, History, Observance and Why Do Christians Celebrate It?


Discover the importance of Ascension Day in the Christian faith. Explore its historical origins, the biblical accounts, and the ways in which believers observe and commemorate this significant event. Gain insights into the completion of Jesus’ ministry, his exaltation, the promise of his return, and the impact on believers’ lives today.

Ascension Day, also known as the Feast of the Ascension, is a Christian holiday that commemorates the ascension of Jesus Christ into heaven. According to Christian belief, this event occurred 40 days after Jesus’ resurrection on Easter Sunday. Ascension Day is celebrated on the 40th day of Easter, always on a Thursday, and it is considered one of the major events in the life of Jesus.

The biblical account of the Ascension is found in the New Testament, particularly in the books of Acts and Luke. It describes how Jesus appeared to his disciples after his resurrection, teaching and instructing them about the kingdom of God. On the day of the Ascension, Jesus led his disciples to the Mount of Olives, where he blessed them and then ascended into heaven in their presence. It is believed that Jesus’ ascension signifies his return to his heavenly realm and his exaltation at the right hand of God.

Ascension Day holds significance for Christians as it marks the completion of Jesus’ earthly ministry and the beginning of his heavenly reign. It also represents a promise of the Second Coming of Christ when he will return to judge the living and the dead. On this day, Christians gather for worship services, prayers, and special ceremonies to remember and honor the Ascension of Jesus. In some Christian traditions, it is customary to have processions or symbolic actions representing Jesus’ ascent into heaven.

The date of Ascension Day varies each year, as it is determined based on the date of Easter, which changes annually. It usually falls between late April and early June.

Ascension Day


History of Ascension Day

The history of Ascension Day can be traced back to the events described in the New Testament of the Bible. The accounts of Jesus’ ascension into heaven are found in the books of Acts and Luke.

According to the biblical narrative, after his resurrection on Easter Sunday, Jesus appeared to his disciples over a period of 40 days, teaching them about the kingdom of God and giving them instructions. On the 40th day, Jesus led his disciples to the Mount of Olives, near Jerusalem. There, he blessed them and ascended into heaven in their presence. The disciples witnessed Jesus being taken up into the clouds until he disappeared from their sight. Following this event, two angels appeared and assured the disciples that Jesus would return in the same manner as they had seen him go.

The early Christian community regarded the Ascension of Jesus as a significant event. It signified the completion of Jesus’ earthly mission and marked the beginning of his reign in heaven. It also served as a source of hope and anticipation for his promised return.

The earliest known observance of Ascension Day can be traced back to the 4th century. It is believed that the holiday was established by early Christians in Jerusalem, where the events of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection took place. The feast spread to other parts of the Christian world over time.

By the 5th century, Ascension Day was widely recognized and celebrated in various Christian communities. The day was marked with special worship services, prayers, and processions. In some regions, it was customary to reenact the Ascension event by elevating a statue or a painting of Jesus into the air.

Throughout history, Ascension Day has remained an important observance in the Christian calendar. It is recognized by various denominations, including Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Protestant churches. The date of Ascension Day varies each year, as it is tied to the date of Easter, which changes annually based on the lunar calendar. Despite variations in customs and traditions, the central theme of Ascension Day remains the same—a celebration of Jesus’ exaltation and his promise to return again.

How to Observe

Observing Ascension Day can vary depending on individual or cultural traditions within different Christian denominations. However, here are some common ways in which people observe Ascension Day:

  1. Attend Worship Services: Many churches hold special services on Ascension Day. These services often include prayers, hymns, Scripture readings related to the Ascension, and a sermon or teaching on its significance. Participating in a worship service is a meaningful way to commemorate the event.
  2. Reflect on the Meaning: Take time to reflect on the significance of the Ascension in your personal faith. Consider the theological and spiritual implications of Jesus’ departure and his promised return. Meditate on the hope and anticipation associated with this event.
  3. Read the Biblical Accounts: Read the biblical accounts of the Ascension found in the books of Acts (Acts 1:1-11) and Luke (Luke 24:50-53). Study and contemplate the details of the event and its implications for your faith.
  4. Engage in Prayer: Set aside time for prayer, focusing on the Ascension. Offer gratitude for Jesus’ work on earth, his resurrection, and his promise to return. Seek spiritual guidance and reflect on how the Ascension shapes your relationship with God.
  5. Participate in Traditions: Engage in customs or traditions associated with Ascension Day within your particular Christian tradition or culture. This may include processions, symbolic actions representing Jesus’ ascent into heaven, or other observances that hold special meaning to you and your community.
  6. Spend Time in Community: Connect with fellow believers and engage in fellowship. Share your reflections on the Ascension, discuss its significance, and support one another in faith.
  7. Acts of Service and Witness: Consider ways to embody the teachings of Jesus and his commission to his disciples. Engage in acts of service, kindness, and love towards others, reflecting the values of the kingdom of God. Use the occasion of Ascension Day to share the message of Christ with others and be a witness to your faith.

Remember, the observance of Ascension Day may differ across Christian traditions and cultures. It is important to engage in practices that resonate with your own beliefs and align with your community’s customs.

Why Ascension Day is Important

Ascension Day holds significant importance in the Christian faith for several reasons:

  1. Completion of Jesus’ Earthly Ministry: The Ascension marks the completion of Jesus’ earthly ministry. After his resurrection, Jesus spent 40 days appearing to his disciples, teaching them, and preparing them for their mission ahead. His ascension into heaven signifies the culmination of his redemptive work on earth, including his death, resurrection, and victory over sin and death.
  2. Exaltation and Enthronement: The Ascension is a moment of exaltation and enthronement for Jesus. It represents his return to his heavenly realm and his position at the right hand of God the Father. By ascending into heaven, Jesus receives the honor, authority, and glory that are rightfully his as the Son of God. It highlights his divine nature and eternal reign as the King of kings.
  3. Promise of Jesus’ Return: The Ascension includes a promise of Jesus’ return. As Jesus ascended into heaven, he assured his disciples that he would come back in the same manner as they had seen him go. This promise instills hope and anticipation in believers, reminding them that Jesus will one day return to establish his kingdom fully and judge the living and the dead.
  4. Sending of the Holy Spirit: After his ascension, Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to empower and guide his disciples. The Holy Spirit’s coming on the day of Pentecost, which follows Ascension Day, marked the birth of the early Christian Church. The Ascension, therefore, paved the way for the indwelling of the Holy Spirit and the spread of the gospel message to the world.
  5. Affirmation of Jesus’ Identity: The Ascension affirms Jesus’ identity as the Son of God and the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies. It validates his claims and teachings, reinforcing the belief that he is the Messiah, the Savior of humanity. Through his ascension, Jesus affirms his authority, divinity, and the truth of his mission.
  6. Hope and Encouragement for Believers: Ascension Day provides hope and encouragement for believers. It reminds them that Jesus is not distant or absent but is actively present in their lives through the Holy Spirit. It assures them of his victory over sin, his intercession on their behalf, and the promise of eternal life with him.
  7. Commission to Continue Jesus’ Work: The Ascension includes Jesus’ commission to his disciples to be his witnesses and carry on his work in the world. It emphasizes the responsibility of believers to share the good news, make disciples, and live out the teachings of Jesus. The Ascension serves as a reminder of the mission and purpose of the Church.

In summary, Ascension Day is important because it signifies the completion of Jesus’ earthly ministry, his exaltation and enthronement in heaven, the promise of his return, the sending of the Holy Spirit, and the commission for believers to continue his work in the world. It is a source of hope, affirmation, and encouragement for Christians, reminding them of their faith’s central truths and their role in God’s redemptive plan.

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