Robinson Crusoe Book Summary, Characters, Analysis, Daniel Defoe


What is the summary of the book Robinson Crusoe written by Daniel Defoe? Information about the summary, characters and analysis of Robinson Crusoe.

robinson crusoe

Robinson Crusoe

“Robinson Crusoe” is a novel by Daniel Defoe, published in 1719. It is considered one of the earliest and most influential works in the English literature. The novel tells the story of Robinson Crusoe, a young man from York who dreams of adventure and leaves his comfortable home to travel the world. He becomes a sailor and eventually finds himself stranded on a deserted island for 28 years.

The themes of the novel include survival, self-reliance, human nature, colonialism, and religion. Robinson Crusoe’s journey is a reflection of human nature and the ability to adapt and survive in difficult circumstances. The novel also explores the concept of colonialism and the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized, as well as the role of religion in society.

Throughout the story, Robinson Crusoe encounters various challenges and learns important lessons about survival and the importance of self-reliance. He also experiences personal growth and transformation, which makes the novel a classic coming-of-age story.


“Robinson Crusoe” has been adapted into numerous films, TV shows, and other media. It continues to be a popular and influential work in literature, exploring important themes that are still relevant today.

Book Summary

“Robinson Crusoe” is a novel written by Daniel Defoe and first published in 1719. It tells the story of a young man named Robinson Crusoe who is born into a middle-class family in York, England, in the late 17th century. Despite his father’s wishes that he become a lawyer, Robinson has always dreamed of going to sea and becoming a sailor. Against his father’s wishes, he sets out on a series of voyages that take him to Africa, South America, and the Caribbean.

On one of his voyages, Robinson’s ship is wrecked in a storm off the coast of South America, and he is the only survivor. Stranded on a desert island, Robinson must learn to survive in a hostile environment with limited resources. He builds himself a shelter, finds food and water, and learns to hunt and fish. Over time, he becomes more and more self-sufficient, and even starts to enjoy his solitary existence.

After several years on the island, Robinson discovers that it is not as uninhabited as he had thought. He encounters a group of cannibals who have captured a man they plan to eat. Robinson rescues the man, whom he names Friday, and teaches him English and European ways. Friday becomes Robinson’s loyal companion, and the two men work together to defend themselves against hostile natives and to make their life on the island more comfortable.

Eventually, Robinson is rescued by a passing ship, and he returns to England after more than 25 years of being stranded on the island. He finds that the world has changed, and he struggles to readjust to life in civilization. However, he is able to use his experiences to become a successful businessman and to write a bestselling book about his adventures.

“Robinson Crusoe” is a novel that explores themes of survival, self-reliance, and the human condition. It is also a story of adventure and exploration, as Robinson journeys to distant lands and faces challenges that test his courage and ingenuity. The novel has been widely read and studied for centuries, and it remains a classic of English literature.


The main character in “Robinson Crusoe” is Robinson Crusoe himself, a young man who decides to go on a sea voyage against the wishes of his parents. He is shipwrecked on a deserted island and must learn to survive on his own.


Friday is a native man who Robinson Crusoe rescues from cannibals. Crusoe teaches him English and converts him to Christianity, and Friday becomes a loyal servant to Crusoe.

There are also several other characters who appear briefly throughout the novel, such as Crusoe’s family members and various ship captains and crew members.

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