Who is William Williams Keen? Information on American surgeon William Williams Keen biography, life story, works and contributions to science.
William Williams Keen; American surgeon : b. Philadelphia, Jan. 19, 1837; d. there, June 7, 1932. He was graduated at Brown University in 1859, and from Jefferson Medical College in 1862 and served as an acting assistant surgeon in the federal army during part of the American Civil War. For two years he studied in Europe, returning to Philadelphia in 1866 where he established his practice and also lectured on anatomical subjects at Jefferson Medical College. He was in charge of the Philadelphia School of Anatomy during 1866-1875, was professor of artistic anatomy at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts during 1876-1879, professor of surgery at the Women’s Medical College during 1884-1889, and thereafter until his retirement in 1907, professor of surgery at Jefferson Medical College.
A specialist in the surgery of the brain and nervous system, Dr. Keen was among the first in the United States to perform successfully new and difficult operations in this field. During World War I he was a major in the Medical Reserve Corps and was a member of the National Research Council.
In 1912, on the 50th anniversary of his graduation, the Jefferson Medical College gave him the honorary degree of Sc.D. He also received the degree of LL.D. from Brown University (1891), Northwestern and Toronto universities (1903), the University of Edinburgh (1905), Yale University (1906), University of Saint Andrews (1911) ; an honorary M.D. from University of Greifswald (1906) and honorary Ph.D. from the University of Upsala (1907). He was the senior member of the Corporation of Brown University, having been elected in 1873. He was elected president of the American Surgical Association in 1898; of the American Medical Association in 1899; of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1900; of the Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons in 1903 and of the International Congress of Surgery for the session of 1917, and was president of the American Philosophical Society after 1907.
He was also foreign corresponding member of the Surgical Society of Paris, the Belgian Surgical Society, and the Clinical Society of London. He was an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England and the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, and of surgical societies in Germany, and Italy, as well as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American College of Surgeons.
He is the author of Surgical Complications and Sequels of Typhoid Fever (1898) ; Animal Experimentation and Medical Progress (1914) ; Medical Research and Human Welfare (1917) ; The Treatment of War Wounds (1917). He edited Gray’s Anatomy (1887) ; American Text Book of Surgery (1892) ; and Keen’s System of Surgery (1906-21).