Who is Vannevar Bush? Information on American engineer, inventor, educator, and executive Vannevar Bush biography, life story, works and inventions.
Vannevar Bush; (1890-1974), American engineer, inventor, educator, and executive, who pioneered in computer technology and led in mobilizing American science during World War II. He was born in Everett, Mass., on March 11, 1890. Bush received B. S. and M. S. degrees from Tufts College (1913) and a doctor of engineering degree from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1916).
During World War I, Bush did research on submarine detection, and then he returned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a professor. While there in 1930, Bush and other engineers invented a differential analyzer, a type of analog computer that solves differential equations. In 1935 he began construction of an advanced model, which handled problems with as many as 18 variables. Modern electronic analog computers are descendants of the analog computers developed by Bush.
Bush became president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington in 1938 and chairman of the National Defense Besearch Committee in 1940. As head of the Office of Scientific Besearch and Development, formed in 1941, he directed the most successful and decisive weapons-development program in history. After the war, he devoted his efforts to unification of the armed services, civilian control of atomic energy, and establishing the National Besearch Foundation. He died in Belmont, Mass., on June 28, 1974.
His publication Science: The Endless Frontier (1945) formulated new goals for American science and engineering and had a powerful influence on national policy. His other publications include Principles of Electrical Engineering (with William H. Timbie, 1922), Operational Circuit Analysis (1929), Endless Horizons (1946), and Modem Arms and Free Men (1949).