For whom is fasting obligatory? Who can not fast? Who is obliged to fast during the month of Ramadan and who should not?
WHO CAN FAST?
Fasting is subject to certain conditions. For obligations with fasting; It is necessary to be a Muslim, to be wise and to have reached puberty. The ancients used to say that fasting is obligatory for a sane Muslim. It is one of the basic religious duties of every Muslim, male or female, who meet the above conditions, to fast during the month of Ramadan. However, there are conditions for being able to fast: For example, although fasting is obligatory for the sick and those traveling on a journey, such people can keep their fast at another time if they are still sick and traveling during Ramadan.
They have the right to accident later. There are also conditions for a fast to be considered healthy. In order for a fast to be healthy, intention is a prerequisite. It is agreed on the view that an intentionless fast is not acceptable. However, although it is sunnah to say it with the tongue, knowing which fast to keep with the heart is considered sufficient. The time of intention also includes the period from sunset to the time when the sun rises a lot, which is called vulgar mid-morning.
However, the intention to fast will not be valid during the hours from close to noon until evening. While making the intention to fast, it is appropriate to say: “ For the sake of Allah, I intend to fast for tomorrow’s Ramadan. “The fact that fasting can be healthy again depends on another condition for women: Being cleansed of menstruation and puberty. Menstruating and puerperant women cannot fast, just as they cannot pray. However, when their situation improves, they are obliged to make up for their fasting day by day.
WHO CANNOT FAST?
It is permissible not to fast in certain obligatory situations: It is okay for a person on a journey to leave his fast for a suitable time on his return, as long as the journey continues. Again, in cases of illness, if there is a concern that fasting will further deteriorate health, iftar (not fasting, breaking the fast) is allowed. In addition to these, pregnant and lactating women can also postpone their fasting when it comes to their own or their children’s health. In rare cases, if there is a fear of death due to hunger and thirst, then iftar is permissible, provided that it is held later. To all this must be added the state of indulgence and old age.