What is Santur? What Kind of Musical Instrument Is It? Characteristics, Origin and History


What is santur, what kind of musical instrument is it? What is the origin and history of santur? What are the features of the santur musical instrument? Information about Santur.


The Santur is a musical instrument that is widely used in classical Persian music. It is a stringed instrument that is played by striking the strings with small hammers. Some of the main features and characteristics of the Santur include:

  1. Number of strings: The Santur typically has 72 strings, which are divided into two sets of 36 strings each. These strings are tuned to different notes to produce a wide range of sounds and pitches.
  2. Resonating body: The body
  3. Sound
  4. Playability: The Santur is played by striking the strings with small hammers, which are held in the hands of the player. The hammers are used to produce different sounds and dynamics, and the player must have a good sense of rhythm and timing to play the instrument effectively.
  5. Tuning: The strings of the Santur are tuned to specific notes and scales, and the instrument can be tuned to different keys to suit the music being played. The tuning of the Santur is an important aspect of its sound and is carefully maintained to ensure that the instrument is in good working order.

Overall, the Santur is a versatile and beautiful instrument that is central to Persian classical music. Its rich sound and wide range of pitches make it an important part of many musical compositions, and its versatility and playability make it a popular choice among musicians and music lovers alike.

What is the history and origin of the Santur Musical Instrument

The origin and history of the Santur musical instrument can be traced back to ancient Persia (modern-day Iran). The instrument has been played for thousands of years in Persia, and it has been an important part of Persian classical music for many centuries.


The exact origins of the Santur are not well documented, but it is believed to have evolved from ancient musical instruments like the hammered dulcimer, which was played in many cultures across the ancient world. The Santur as we know it today, with its trapezoidal shape and multiple strings, likely developed in Persia over many centuries and was shaped by the musical traditions and innovations of Persian musicians and composers.

The Santur was used in many different musical genres in Persia, including classical music, religious music, and folk music. The instrument was often played in royal courts and was an important part of many important cultural and political events. In addition to its role in Persian music, the Santur has also been adopted and played in other cultures and regions, including India, Central Asia, and the Middle East.

Today, the Santur is considered a symbol of Persian cultural heritage and is widely recognized as one of the most important musical instruments in the world. It continues to be an important part of Persian classical music, and many musicians and composers around the world have been inspired by the rich sound and versatility of the Santur.

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