What does easter mean? The definition of easter and easter day, information on the origin of the name.
Easter – also called Easter Florida, Easter Sunday or Sunday of Glory – is the central feast of Christianity, 5 6 in which the resurrection is commemorated, according to the canonical gospels. of Jesus Christ on the third day after being crucified.
Easter marks the end of Holy Week, which commemorates the death and resurrection of Jesus. Holy Week is followed by a period of fifty days called Easter Time, which ends on Pentecost Sunday.
Easter Sunday is a celebration that is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325 AD) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon after the spring equinox in the northern hemisphere.The date therefore varies between March 22 and March 25. April. Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian calendar, so its date is between April 4 and May 8.
During this day, religious processions as well as liturgical celebrations take place in different parts of the world, and the customs of Easter Sunday vary throughout the Christian world, but the decoration of Easter eggs is common in many countries of the Western world.
The true origin of Easter dates back to the year 1513 BC, when, according to Jewish tradition, the Jewish people began their exodus from Egypt, to the Promised Land. It was celebrated every year, as a reminder of the liberation of the Hebrew people from their slavery in Egypt.
On the eve of the first day, bitter herbs dipped in vinegar were eaten, to remember the sadness of servitude. And chants were told in a cadenced tone that hinted at the ten plagues of Egypt.
The Easter lamb was chosen by each family. With time, the ceremony of immolation was carried out by the priestly class. The animal must be male, lamb or kid, healthy and one year old. He immolated himself at the end of the day; and at night they ate it with bitter vegetables. It was not allowed to break his bones, or leave any remains of meat. For this reason, if the family was not large enough to eat an animal on their own, the Israelites would gather in groups, to comply with the requirements of sacred order. During the seven days after the 14th of Nisan (month of the Israelite calendar corresponding to March – April of the Spanish calendar), the Hebrew people only ate unleavened bread (unfermented), which they called “unleavened” (“unfermented”), or “bread of affliction.” The first Christians – who were Jews – celebrated the Easter Passover at the same time as the Jewish Passover, until the First Council of Nicaea (in 325 AD) separated the celebration of the Jewish Passover from the Christian Passover, removing to this the Hebrew elements. However, they left the mobile character of the celebration recalling that Christ was resurrected on the Hebrew Passover. Today the Catholic Church maintains the mobile character of the Easter date.
This festival determines the mobile calendar of other festivals: thus the Ascension (the ascension of Jesus to heaven) is celebrated 40 days after Easter, and Pentecost 10 days after the Ascension. The week before Easter is Holy Week, which begins with Palm Sunday (which commemorates the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem). The Octave of Easter (popularly known as “Easter week”) is the week that happens this Easter Sunday (or Easter Sunday). The Easter time or Easter time designates, in the Catholic liturgy, the weeks that go from Easter Sunday to Pentecost.
The expression “pascua”, from: ‘pashé’, the passage of the lord through Egypt, refers today mainly to the feast of the Resurrection, which is also sometimes called “florid Easter”, but it is also used to refer to three other celebrations Christian: Christmas (December 25), the Epiphany or Adoration of the Magi (January 6) and Pentecost, the coming of the Holy Spirit (fifty days after the Resurrection). In Spain, Chile, Cuba and the Philippines, the term Easter is applied colloquially to Christmas, while Easter is called Easter of Resurrection.
The New Testament teaches that the resurrection of Jesus, which celebrates Easter, is the foundation of the Christian faith.13 14 The resurrection established Jesus as the Son of God and is cited as proof that God will judge the world with justice. God has given Christians “a new birth to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.” Christians, by faith in the power of God, must discern spiritually with the risen Jesus so that they can walk in a new way of life.
Holy Week, and Easter in particular, is linked through the Last Supper and the crucifixion of Jesus to Passover (Jewish Passover) and the Exodus of the Hebrew people narrated in the Old Testament. According to the scriptures, Jesus, while preparing his disciples and himself for his death during the last supper, gave the Easter supper a new meaning. He identified the bread and the cup of wine as his body before being sacrificed and his blood shed. The apostle Paul, on the celebration of Easter says:
“” Get rid of the old leaven, to be a new dough, since you yourselves are like unleavened bread. Because Christ, our Passover, has been sacrificed. Let us celebrate, then, our Passover, not with the old leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of purity and truth. “
Apostle Paul of Tarsus “”
Catholic Church and other Christian churches
The celebration of Easter is presented in different ways among Western Christians. Traditional liturgical practice, as practiced among Catholics and some Lutherans and Anglicans, begins on the night of Holy Saturday with the Easter Vigil. Thus, the most important liturgy of the year begins with the blessing of the Paschal fire in total darkness, the illumination of the Paschal candle (symbol of the risen Christ) and the song of the Exultet (or Easter proclamation), attributed to St. Ambrose of Milan .
After reading many Old Testament readings: passages such as the stories of creation, the sacrifice of Isaac, the crossing of the Red Sea and the announced coming of the Messiah. This part of the religious service culminates with the singing of the Gloria and the Alleluia and with the proclamation of the Resurrection according to the Gospel.
At that time, and depending on the local custom, you can touch the bells of the temples and turn on the lights. Next, the attention moves from the altar to the baptismal font. During this liturgical season the priest or celebrant of the Eucharist is dressed in white, to celebrate the purity and uprising of Christ. Formerly, Easter was considered the ideal time for converts to receive baptism, and this practice continues within the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church. Whether there are baptisms at this time or not, it is traditional for the congregation to be invited to renew the vows of their baptismal faith. This act is often sealed by the sprinkling of the congregation with holy water. The Catholic Sacrament of Confirmation can also be celebrated during the Vigil.
In general, the Masses are celebrated as usual, but in a more solemn and festive way, with abundant musical instruments and choral arrangements, incense, and a reiterative Alleluia that will be seen in the Psalm that is sung that day, in the own acclamation to the Gospel. The Easter Vigil concludes with the celebration of the Eucharist (known in some traditions as Holy Communion).
With some differences, certain churches prefer to keep this Vigil very early on Sunday morning instead of Saturday night; the Protestant churches in particular, to reflect the Gospel account of the women who go to the tomb at dawn on the first day of the week.
In Hispanic countries, and in particular in Spain, processions are celebrated ending the celebration of Holy Week. Many of them have as a highlight the Encounter between the images of the Virgin and the Risen Christ.
In the Philippines, of predominantly Catholic religion, Easter morning (known in the national language as “Pasko ng Pagkabuhay Muling” or Easter of the Resurrection) is marked with a celebration of joy, at dawn, in which large statues of Jesus and Mary are taken in procession to meet, imagining the first meeting of Jesus and his mother, Mary, after the Resurrection of Jesus. This is followed by a joyful Easter Mass.
In Polish culture, the Rezurekcja (Resurrection procession) is celebrated in a joyful Easter Mass in the morning, at dawn, when the bells ring and firecrackers are thrown to commemorate the Resurrection of Christ on death. Before the mass begins at dawn, a festive procession carrying the Blessed Sacrament under a canopy surrounds the church. Inside the temple, the bells ring and are vigorously tolled by altar boys, and the air is filled with incense. Another Polish tradition of Easter is the so-called Święconka, the blessing of the Easter baskets by the priest of the parish on Holy Saturday. This custom is celebrated not only in Poland, but also in the United States by citizens of Polish descent.
Easter; the principal Christian feast day, celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Most Christian churches in the West observe Easter on the first Sunday after the full moon that comes on or af ter the vernal equinox (March 21). Thus, Easter falls within a 35-day period between March 22 and April 25, inclusive. The date of Easter in same Eastern churches may vary from the Western date.
Origin of the Name:
The origin of the English word “Easter” is uncertain. In the 8th century, the Venerable Bede proposed that it was derived from the name of an Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring, Eostre. This view has long been popular, but another explanation has been offered. In the early church, Easter week was called hebdomada alba (“white week”), because of the white garments worn by those baptized at Easter. The plural of white was later misunderstood as the plural of dawn and so translated into Old High German as eostarum, from which the English word “Easter” was derived.
In the Romance and some other languages, the word -for Easter is derived from the Hebrew Pesach (Passover ) through its Greek transliteration Pascha. Recent Biblical and liturgical usage has employed the noun “Pasch” and the adjective “Paschal” in speaking of the Christian celebration.