Information about fasting. What are the conditions of fasting? What are the types of fasting and what are the types of fasting, Fasting is not just being hungry, information about it.
Fasting in the dictionary; To stay away from something means to hold oneself against something. If fasting is a Shariah term; It is the intention of those who are qualified to fast, to protect themselves from things that invalidate the fast from the second dawn until the sunset. It will be important to include the following statements in order to reveal the meaning of fasting.
“The Quran was revealed in this month. The verse “Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an was revealed” confirms this. That’s why the month of Ramadan has gathered all the blessings and blessings within itself. Every blessing and goodness that reaches a person throughout the year is a drop from the sea of blessings of the month of Ramadan, whose value is endless. The recovery in this month is the reason for the recovery in that year. Deprivation in this month is the cause of deprivation in that year. What a blessing to those who take full advantage of this month! Woe unto the one who wraths this month, ‘He who has been deprived of blessings, goodness and goodness!
The circumcision of the Quran’s marshmallow in this month is related to the provision of all praised maturity and other blessings. The blessings related to the days of this month are not like those of other months. The secrets of the nights of this month cannot be compared with the nights of other months. Perhaps the secret of wisdom in rushing iftar and delaying it for suhoor is to completely separate the times of night and day.” (Imam Rabba-ni/Letter)
Types of Fasting
- a) Fard Fasting
- b) Important Fasting
- c) Nafil Fasting
- d) Makruh Fasting
a) Fard Fasting:
- 1. Obligatory Fasting: It is the fast that must be kept in the month of Ramadan every year according to the Hijri calendar.
- 2. Uncontested Fasting: The accident of Ramadan fasting and the Atonement fasts are not included in this scope. According to Abu Hanifa, the accident of Ramadan fasting can be performed on permissible days.
b) Important Fasting:
- 1. Obligatory Vacib Fasting: It is a fast that is intended to be kept as a vow on certain days.
- 2. Undeclared Vacib Fasting: It is a fast that is intended to be kept as a vow without determining a specific day.
- 3. Nafil Fasting: It is sunnah, mustahab (good), mandub (liked to be done) or tatavvu (permissible) fasting. The main ones of voluntary fasts are:
- a) fasting every other day
- b) Fasting three days from each month (13.14 and 15th of each lunar month)
- c) Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays every week
- d) Fasting six days in Shawwal
- e) Fasting on the day of Arafa (for those not on Hajj)
- f) Fasting on the first eight days of Dhul-Hijjah
- g) Fasting on the 9th, 10th and 11th days of Muharram
- h) Fasting in haram months (It is mandub to fast on Thursday, Friday and Saturday of Dhu al-Qada, Dhu al-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab months)
- i) Fasting in the month of Sha’ban
Time of Fasting
The time of fasting is the period from the second fajr (imsak time) to the sunset. However, as a precaution, the first birth of the fecr-i faithful is respected. It is more virtuous for a person who doubts at dawn to stop eating and drinking. However, if he continues to eat and drink, his fast is still complete. If it is understood later that he ate and drank after Fajr, that day’s fast will be made up.
If a fasting person doubts whether the sun has set or not, it is not permissible to break the fast. If it is not possible to understand the truth of the matter after breaking his fast, he has to make up for it. If it is understood that it has spoiled before the sun goes down, Qada and Atonement are necessary.
A fasting person can have iftar and sahur with research. If he cannot find any other means, the victor begins his fast and breaks his fast. However, it is more appropriate to start fasting early and to break the fast by delaying it a little.
Conditions of Fasting
Conditions for Fasting to Be Obligatory:
- 1. Being a Muslim
- 2. Being Adolescent and Intelligent
- 3. Being able to fast and being a resident
It is not obligatory for the sick and travelers to fast. (If they do, it is valid). Menstruation, puerperium, pregnant and lactating women have accident when they get fit.
Conditions for the Health of Fasting:
1. Getting Cleansed From Menstruation and Nifas:
The fasting of women who are in menstruation and Nifas is not valid. These people make up for the fasts they cannot keep in Ramadan later. It is more virtuous for a junub person to wash before evening or sahur.
2. Intention for Fasting:
A heartfelt intention is sufficient for any fast. If a person thinks that tomorrow is Ramadan and that he will fast in this month, or if he gets up for sahur, it is considered an intention. But it is mandub to make the intention with the tongue. In all fasts, it is the most virtuous to make intention before the morning time or at night.
Fasting Is Not Just Starving
Speaking bad words, not doing bad actions, not being a slave to the soul are the conditions of true piety.
True piety also requires education. While fulfilling the requirements of religion, he should get rid of being formalist. But ignorant people cannot understand this; they accept religion as a shelter on the way to self-reflection and getting rid of sins. Those who do bad deeds and resist their evil think that they will achieve eternal salvation by fulfilling the requirements of religion, and they even begin to see themselves as clean people who have been freed from sins.
Such are certainly not good people; however, they cannot go beyond deceiving themselves. Great religions emerged to lead people to goodness and righteousness. The only thing that matters is the goodness of the heart. First, he should purify the heart and soul from passions, regulate attitudes and behaviors, master the will, and then start worshiping. Allah does not need dishonest and hungry servants.