Explore the epic voyages of Christopher Columbus and learn about his historic expeditions. Discover the dates and locations of his travels, including his famous voyage in 1492, as we delve into the fascinating journeys that forever changed the course of history.
First trip of Christopher Columbus
On August 3, 1492, three ships left from Puerto de Palos in Spain: Santa María, in which Columbus, Pinta and La Niña traveled. He was the lookout for the caravel named La Pinta, Rodrigo de Triana, who on October 12 sighted the continent. Christopher Columbus was sure that they had arrived at one of the islands of the east coast of Asia. Later it was learned that the natives named the island Guanahaní. The Spanish made possession of this island in favor of the Crown of Spain and baptized San Salvador.
The adventurers continued their journey to the current Bahamas islands and on their journey they discovered new islands, among which Cuba, named as Juana and Haiti, called by the expeditionaries as La Española. In March of the year 1943, Columbus returned to Spain and from the same Port of Palos the people managed to observe the return of the caravels. Only the Santa María was missing, because a year before a strong storm left the ship out of service and its crew manufactured with its salvaged wood a fort on the island of Hispaniola. Said fort, first of many others that Spaniards would build on the new continent, was named by Columbus as Christmas.
Second trip of Christopher Columbus
Cristóbal Colón was received by the kings of Spain with all the honors for his first trip. Seduced by treasures and riches, the new lands gave the order to Columbus to organize a new expedition but on this occasion formed by a total of 17 ships and more than a thousand men. The Spaniards returned to the new world with the order to try to colonize all the discovered lands and transform the Catholic religion to the natives of them. After 40 days of navigation, Columbus and his navigators discovered Puerto Rico and the Antilles. Upon their arrival to the island of Hispaniola, they observed the fort, Christmas in ruins, so they chose to build a new fort called Isabela, which was the first European city in the New World.
In the month of April of 1494, Christopher Columbus continued with the exploration of the Sea of the Antilles with only three caravels, the rest had already returned to Spain. Despite all his efforts to reach the Indies, Columbus only encountered a new island: Jamaica. When he returned to Fort Isabela he faced a great inconvenience, the Spaniards who had remained there forced the Indians to give them the gold and in several cases the Indians were killed. After Columbus is denounced in the Court for being a bad administrator of the new colonies of the Indies and for that reason in July of 1497 he returns to Spain to organize his defense before the Catholic Kings of Spain.
Third trip of Christopher Columbus
After discussing everything that happened, the Catholic Kings accepted a new expedition from Columbus. The navigator left again for America on May 30, 1498 with six ships from San Lucar de Barrameda. At the end of July it arrives to the island of Trinidad and then touches the coasts of Venezuela. Convinced of being in Asian islands, Columbus and his companions set foot on the South American continent for the first time. In August he marched towards La Española, which had been under the orders of Bartolomé and Diego, his brothers, and discovered the Tobago and Granada islands.
Already in Hispaniola, Christopher Columbus found a disastrous climate: a large part of the Spanish settlers had gone mad with greed and their brother Bartolomé had ordered cruel acts. By virtue of this, many hangings were ordered but the cruel climate remained the same. In October of 1498, Columbus sends a letter to the Catholic Kings requesting collaboration to be able to dominate the prevailing situation. In August 1500, Francisco de Bobadilla was sent to Hispaniola by the King and Queen of Spain while Christopher Columbus and his brothers were arrested and forced to return to Spain.
Fourth trip of Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus was released by the Court in consideration of his great service to the Crown of Spain. Get a new collaboration of the kings and May 11, 1502 part with his brother Bartolomé and his son Hernando from Cádiz in command of four ships and about 150 crew. Its purpose was to find the way to Asian spices, but in the trip they suffer from a great hurricane that makes them lose three ships. Despite this, the trip continued and on the first of August the expeditionists arrived in Central America very close to Honduras. They skirt the coasts of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and in December of that year they discover the Panama Canal where they seek gold without success.
In the month of September, they return from La Española and arrive at San Lúcar de Barrameda on November 7, 1504. It was the last trip of Christopher Columbus since Queen Elizabeth I died shortly after his arrival and the king took away all the support . On May 20, 1506, Columbus died in the city of Valladolid fully believed to have arrived in the Indies and without the real knowledge of the great importance that all his discoveries would have.