What is the definition of thread? Information about the uses, types, features and history of thread.
THREAD is a highly specialized yarn used in sewing, basting, crocheting, embroidering, and similar work. It is made by the drawing and winding of cotton, silk, or other yarns onto a holding device such as a spool or bobbin. Thread is made from yarn—yarn is not made from thread. The term “thread” is also applied to fine cords—that is, two or more ply, or multiple, yarns twisted together—of any of the major textile fibers. The numbers in cotton thread sizes, such as 40s or 50s, indicate the number of 840-yard hanks of thread needed to total one pound in weight.
Spinning, which is the combining of a number of relatively short fibers into a continuous yarn, is the basic art of threadmaking.
Modern thread-making began about 1754 in England with the development of mechanical spinning. Cotton thread was first produced commercially in 1806 by Patrick Clark of Paisley, Scotland, when Napoleon blockaded Britain and cut off the supply of silk thread used at that time. Cotton thread combined strength with low price and replaced silk and linen thread throughout Britain and Europe. James Coats, also of Paisley, was another pioneer in the manufacture of cotton thread. The Coats and Clark companies, which soon became the major thread companies of Europe, merged in 1952 to form Coats & Clark, Inc. Their trademark, “O. N. T.,” established by George Clark in the 1860’s, stands for “Our New Thread.”
The newest thread is a combination of polyester and cotton. It has a polyester core and a cotton sheathing with a silicone finish. This thread is as fine as an ordinary 60s cotton thread but has the strength of a size 40s thread. It is ideal for smoother sewing of any fabric. It makes more durable seams and has an elasticity that makes it most suitable for durable stretch and durable press fabrics.