We learn more and more every day about animals, the creatures with which we share the planet we live in.
With our new learners, we understand that in all their abilities, they are not actually “simple” creatures, but creatures with even more abilities. For the answer to the question of whether animals dream, we recommend that you read the rest of this article, which contains interesting details about animals.
We recommend that you read the rest of this article, which contains interesting details about animals, for the answer to the question of whether living animals have imagination and whether animals dream. It has been a great concern for people for a long time. This issue is also a big problem for psychology and played a big role in the behavioral period, which was a period when animals did not have any thoughts.
Tolman, who is also famous for his attribution of the cognitive map of animals, had suddenly different ideas. With these observations he made, he said that the mice thought of every alternative before making a decision, and he named this indirect trial and error learning. An animal could consider the consequences of each situation and act accordingly before making a decision.
Trial and Error
Neuroscientists wanted to see what they were thinking in the cognitive process of indirect trial and error and began to record the brains of animals. The researchers used a brain imaging technique that can record cells in this area of the brain called the hippocampus. With this method, he discovered that certain cells were active in specific locations. This condition was called the hippocampal region cells.
But the researchers later encountered a situation they never expected. Animals could imagine all sorts of alternatives before making a decision. The cells of the regions in the hippocampus found in animals showed a pattern of movement. In other words, this situation showed that the animals were thinking of different alternatives. This situation improves learning; It was understood that the animals learned less if the process was disrupted.
Sharp wave ripple complexes could occur on some dreams while sleeping, but could also occur in some situations when animals are awake. This discovery was more complex in situations where animals were less experienced, as in other cases. So while fewer animals knew about the environment, possibly less animals had some dreams about their environment.
Is This A Real Imagination?
But was it really an imagination, or were animals simply re-enacting past experiences?
Tolaman observed that the mice took new but more direct routes in the maze that they had never experienced before. Did these animals act by thinking about all this before choosing these paths? Some researchers have shown that the mice imagine new events during the sharp wave-wrinkle complex.
In an experiment conducted by Pfeiffer and Foster in 2013 to search for an open field reward, mice were allowed to wander. When these mice found the prize chocolate, they would go back and get a chance to win more chocolate.
With this experiment, both the random discovery phase and the predictable return home phase were combined quite successfully. Freed mice would randomly wander around to find the chocolate, and if they could, they would be able to return home from this random location.
With this experiment, it was seen that the mice not only imagined the experienced positions, but also the routes back home. To put it further, they could imagine the routes, no matter where they were going. They could also imagine many roads leading home. These imaginations of the mice appeared as a reflection of planned behaviors that would be used to guide their future actions. Animals generally preferred one of the ways they imagined.
So animals could dream and dream things. Those who own a dog have observed that dogs try to chase things in their dreams. In this case, it revealed that they were seeing something they had never seen before in their dreams. Well, could the animals understand that this was just a dream? Could he tell the difference between reality and fantasy?