Christmas in Mexico – How is Christmas Celebrated in Mexico?


In Mexico, Christmas is celebrated from December 12 to January 6. From December 16 until Christmas Eve, children often perform the processions of inn or inns.

Posada is Spanish for inn or lodging. There are nine inns. They celebrate the part of the Christmas story where José and María looked for a place to stay. For the Posadas, the exterior of the houses is decorated with evergreen trees, moss and paper lanterns.


Christmas in Mexico - How is Christmas Celebrated in Mexico?

In each Posada, the children are given candles and a table, with painted clay figures of Mary mounted on a donkey and José, to process the streets. They call the houses of friends and neighbors and sing a song in each home. The song they sing is about José and María asking for a room in the house. But children are told that there is no room in the house and that they must leave. Finally they are told there is space and they are welcome! When the children enter the house, they say thankful prayers and then throw a party with food, games and fireworks.

Every night a different house celebrates the party of the inn. At the final inn, on Christmas Eve, a manger and figures of shepherds are placed on the board. When the Posada’s house has been found, a baby Jesus is placed in the manger and then the families go to a church service at midnight. After the service in the Church there are more fireworks to celebrate the beginning of Christmas.


A game that is often played at Posada’s parties is the piñata. A piñata is a jar decorated with clay or papier-mache stuffed with candy and hung from the ceiling or the branch of a tree. The piñata is usually decorated as a ball with seven peaks around it. The peaks or peaks represent the ‘seven mortal sins’. Piñatas can also have the shape of an animal or bird (like a donkey). To play the game, children blindly bend and take turns hitting the piñata with a stick until it opens and the sweets spill. Then the children rush to collect as many sweets as they can!

In addition to the inn, there is another type of Christmas game known as Pastorelas (The Shepherds). These tell the story of the shepherds who are going to find the baby Jesus and, often, they are very funny. The devil tries to stop the shepherds by tempting them on the way. But pastors always come to the end, often with the help of Archangel Michael, who comes and hits the devil!

Christmas in Mexico - How is Christmas Celebrated in Mexico?

The birth scenes, known as the ‘birth’, are very popular in Mexico. They are often very large, with the figures being life-size! Sometimes a whole room is used in a house for the birth, although now this is less common. The figures are often made of clay and are traditionally transmitted through families. In addition to the normal figures of Mary, Joseph, Jesus, the shepherds and the Magi, there are often many other figures of different people, including women who make tortillas, people who sell food and different animals and birds, like flamingos! The figures can be purchased in markets in cities throughout Mexico. The baby Jesus is usually added to the scene during the Christmas Eve night. The Magi are added to the Epiphany.

Christmas trees are increasingly popular in Mexico, but the main / most important decoration is still birth.

Christmas Eve is known as ‘Noche Buena’ and it’s a family day. People often participate in the final Posada and then at night they have the main Christmas meal. Popular dishes for the main Christmas meal include the Pozole (a thick soup made with corn, chicken or pork and chillies covered with vegetables), roast turkey, roasted pork, tamales, cod (salted cod), romeritos (a vegetable) green that is cooked) in a mole sauce with potatoes and shrimp) and salads are usually served as accompaniments, such as Christmas Eve salad (Christmas Eve salad). For desserts, bunuelos are very popular, they are fried pasta sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon or a hot sugar syrup. Bunuelos come in two flat, round shapes / balls! To drink there can be Punch (a warm Christmas punch made with fruit) and Rompope (a drink like eggnog that often has rum added).

At midnight, many people go to a midnight mass service, known as “Misa de Gallo” (which means mass of the rooster, since people get up early like roosters). There are lots of fireworks to celebrate Christmas day.

The flowers of poinsettia are known as poinsettias (Christmas Eve) in Mexico.

People in Mexico also celebrate ‘the innocent saints’ or’ Holy Innocents’ Day ‘on December 28 and it is very similar to the Day of the Innocents in the United Kingdom and the United States. December 28 is when people remember the babies that were killed by King Herod when he was trying to kill the baby Jesus.

In some states of Mexico, children expect Santa Claus to come on December 24th. In southern Mexico, children expect gifts on January 6 at Epiphany, which is known as “The Day of the Kings.”

Christmas in Mexico - How is Christmas Celebrated in Mexico?

On the Day of the Kings the gifts are left by the Three Wise Men (Three Kings). If you have received a visit from Santa on Christmas Eve, you can also get some candy on the Day of the Kings!

It is traditional to eat a special cake called ‘Rosca de Reyes’ in Epifanía. A figure of Baby Jesus is hidden inside the cake. Whoever has the baby Jesus on his piece of cake is the “godfather” of Jesus for that year.

Another important day is La Candelaria ‘las Velas’ or Virgen de la Candelaria ‘Virgin of Lights or Candles’ (also known as Candelaria in other countries of the world) on February 2 and marks the end of Mexican Christmas. celebrations Many Mexicans have a party for the candelaria.

In Mexico, gifts can also be brought by ‘El niño de Dios’ and Santo Clós (Santa Claus)

In Mexico, most people speak Spanish (Spanish), so Feliz / Feliz Navidad is ‘Feliz Navidad’. In Nahuatl (spoken in some parts of central Mexico) it is’ Cualli netlācatilizpan ‘and in the Yucatec Mayan language (spoken in some parts of the Yucatan Peninsula) it is’ Ki’imak’ Christmas’. Happy / Merry Christmas in many more languages.

The largest angel ornament was ever made in Mexico. It was made in January 2001 by Sergio Rodríguez in the town of Nuevo León. The angel was 18 ‘3 “tall and had a wingspan of 11’ 9.” Perhaps the most amazing thing about the angel was that it was completely made of old beer bottles, 2946 of them!

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