Anna Freud and the Characteristics of the Psychoanalytic Approach


In this article, you can find answers to the questions of who are the representatives of the psychoanalytic approach, what are the characteristics of the psychoanalytic approach, what is the psychoanalytic approach theory, who is Anna Freud.

Born in Vienna in 1895, Anna Freud is the sixth child of Martha-Sigmund Freud. Throughout her childhood, Anna studied her father’s work and was with her father constantly. Anna Freud, who has extraordinary skills in psychoanalysis, chose to follow her father’s path. But there is a big difference in its method. Anna’s method is to conduct psychoanalysis with children. Sigmund applied a psychoanalysis aimed at finding and eliminating problems experienced by the adult in the past to solve problems in adults.

Anna Freud and the Characteristics of the Psychoanalytic Approach

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According to Anna, the problem that started as a child should be solved as a child. Working with adults is useless, we must work with children to ensure their healthy upbringing. From the point of view of psychoanalysis, Anna is a great source of pride for Sigmund. She has enabled the development of important theories supporting the basic psychoanalytic method and has managed to become an accepted important female psychologist of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Association. Which is an important achievement for Anna and all women in a male-dominated society.

Anna Freud’s Psychoanalytic View

Psychoanalytic approach characteristics: First, psychoanalysis would only deal with the id (Subconscious). Whatever was happening in the subconscious world was the subject of psychoanalysis. It was regarded as going deeper into the subconscious as important to good analysis. In Anna’s approach, not only the subconscious, namely the id, but also the other factors that make up the ‘I’ have started to be examined. Anna’s concepts of id, me and superego suggested not only the subconscious of the person, but the person as a whole.

This proposal first drew a great reaction. Because the level of consciousness had no place in any of the psychoanalytic theories. However, thanks to Anna’s studies and theory, the method of analysis, the interactions of the three basic structures that make up the ‘I’ with each other, and the interaction of these basic structures with the environment are examined. When examined in terms of ego, this situation examines the relation of ‘I’ with the outside world, its function, its breadth and its relation with the ‘superego’. In terms of id, it means monitoring the impulses and observing the changes.


Anna Freud and the Characteristics of the Psychoanalytic Approach

Relationship with his father

Anna Freud, one of the representatives of the psychoanalytic approach, admires her father. He spent all of his childhood and early youth with his father. Father and daughter are a very interconnected duo. Over time, the relationship between the two became dependent, and this was very difficult for Anna Freud. Since it was very difficult for him to produce theories that did not resemble his father’s ideas, he had differences, but basically conducted researches parallel to Sigmund’s thoughts. Her work was quite impressive and gave different perspectives, but she never stopped producing theories very similar to her father’s method.

During Sigmund’s illness, Anna provided first degree care to her father and did her best to keep her work. He wrote down all of his father’s theories one by one and presented them personally. Anna Freud was one of the world’s first female psychologists, with both her father’s undeniable power in the psychoanalytic environment and the perfect balance and consistency in the theories she put forward.

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