Human resources are the people with whom a company or organization has, with the aim of achieving the company’s goals, in a context of respect among its members.
The companies have material (and economic) resources that belong to them but, at the same time, they have the collaboration of people that make up this organization. These people are known as human resources of the company.
These people, in order to be part of an organization, must comply with certain characteristics according to what is required by the different jobs. In addition, they must possess certain characteristics not related to the specific position. For example, they must share the values, principles and goals of the company.
Characteristics Of Human Resources
The first time the term “human resources” was used was done by the economist John R. Commons in 1983, although the term was not popularized until the following decade.
The world of work underwent major changes with the arrival of neoliberalism in the 1990s.
This change has deepened the requirements on the type of employee that each company wanted to have. For these reasons, the need for specific people who can perform this task of searching for personnel became essential.
2. Personal Resources Area
As a result of the above, the selection of personnel has become increasingly complex, reaching the need to create a specific area of human resources, within organizations, for the hiring of employees.
3. They are not patrimony of the organization
Unlike other assets that the company has, its employees make up the company but they are not part of it. Thus, the experiences and knowledge that they possess do not belong to the company but to its members. Therefore, they are not part of their patrimony but they are part of the conformation of the organization.
Both experiences and knowledge are the heritage of people and it is through their behavior that they will add as values for the company that hires them.
5. Accumulation of human resources
These resources present an indirectly cumulative characteristic, since the accumulation of such human resources is not possible directly, since they are manifested through the knowledge and experience of their employees.
Once the employee leaves the company, the knowledge leaves with him. However, the contributions, improvements or methodological changes that a former employee has developed within the company can continue to favor the company even after the dismissal of said employee.
6. Improvement of HR
Through training and trainings, the human resources of a company (that is, the people that make up the company) can be perfected so that the contracting company benefits.
7. Particularities of human resources
Since each person is unique and unrepeatable, human resources are also unique. And each resource will have different wealth of experiences and knowledge that individually provide benefits to the company.
8. Functions of the human resources area
Regulates the work phases of the organization.
It strives so that the objectives set by the company are achieved by the individuals that comprise it.
Evaluate each of the individuals taking into account their characteristics as an employee but also as a person in a social, family context and with particular characteristics, which has concerns and dreams. In this way the employee ceases to be only a position in a job and happens to have identity and individuality as subject.
It strives to achieve the highest levels of productivity in a balance between employee satisfaction and company welfare.
It establishes a connection and / or link between the different areas of a company and intervenes in any conflict or misunderstanding that arises at a sectoral or individual level.
It is in charge of the training as well as to evaluate problems of employee learning and give a prompt solution.
Select external personnel to cover specific areas.
It intervenes in the creation of new areas or in the reorganization of current areas.
Internally reorganizes staff evaluating their skills, experience and motivations for the change of a job for another within the same company.
Regulates salaries (as dictated by official sources or agencies), marks times of entry and exit, control of absenteeism, vacations, etc.
9. Human resources policies
Given that this sector is in charge of personal relationships between the members of a company, it is a strategic area that has certain policies to fulfill:
- Only hire a person who meets all the characteristics that the vacancy requires.
- When hiring staff, this sector privileges job stability in previous jobs. People with high job instability or several changes of job in a short time are often not well seen.
- Pregnant women are not hired because this implies a high cost for the company.
- Companies encourage, through the area of human resources, the personal growth of employees.
- All kinds of religious beliefs must be respected.
- Political participation within the company will not be encouraged although all types of beliefs that the individual has will be respected, as long as it does not threaten the freedom of other people.
- It does not conceive bad treatment or xenophobic, aggressive or vulgar comments among employees.
- Purpose of the area
The main purpose of the human resources area is that the employees are satisfied and comfortable working in the workplace. In order to fulfill this satisfaction, strategies such as:
10. Economic incentives to productivity.
Prizes or gifts (vouchers, discounts, free days).
Short-time work for breastfeeding women or students.
Physical health days for employees.
Gifts for holidays.