Education is the process by which learning is facilitated by emphasizing or enriching knowledge, values, abilities, beliefs and habits in the students or people who receive such instruction.
The word education comes from the Latin ēducātiōlo and refers to the concept of raising, creating or breeding. In turn, this word comes from the Latin concepts of education and education that are related to promoting the intellectual and cultural development of the student.
Characteristics Of Education
1. It is an act of communication
Within education intervenes an issuer (educator), a receiver (educating), a message (educational content). This is provided through a channel to positively influence or improve upon the receiver in some aspect.
This issuer can be passive (for example a book) or active (a teacher, teacher) but will always try to influence the receiver to incorporate certain knowledge.
Education needs another (educating) that receives or captures the information and processes it in the proper way. On the other hand, the receiver is the one who configures, transforms, selects and gives the information he receives a sense of his own.
4. Own creation of the receiver
Education is an act that implies the active participation, intellectually speaking, of the receiver. Thus, it is he who will capture the information provided by education and create new concepts or theories.
Education requires whether or not the influence of one person over another. This influence is traversed by a certain pattern that will allow the receiver (or educator) to elaborate or build their own ideas, objectives, conclusions or theories.
All education has a specific and particular purpose. Often this can be hidden or latent. However, education is not a random act, uncontrolled and without specific purpose. It always has one objective: to generate a reaction or influence in a certain way on the receiver.
7. Intention of education
This intentionality starts from the receiver and, through the act of education, tries to penetrate the mind modifying behaviors in the receiver. Thus, once this intension is assimilated, it is internalized and blurred, leaving its purpose hidden.
8. Gradual learning
Education is not possible without the time parameter that determines it. Thus education must be gradual in time.
9. Types of education
There are different levels or types of education:
Primary education (basic education)
Secondary education (secondary education)
Undergraduate or higher education (tertiary education) – education
University education (degree training). Although both have markedly different characteristics, they have been located in the same step since for both of them the approval of the previous level is required: level of secondary or secondary education.
Postgraduate education (master’s or master’s, masters, postgraduate)
To be able to access each of the educational levels it is necessary to have approved the previous levels. So to be able to access an intermediate education (secondary education) it is essential to approve the pertinent evaluations to basic education and so on.
10. Types of evaluation
Evaluation is part of the assimilation process of education. Also, this process never ends or stops.
Broadly speaking, 3 different types of evaluation can be distinguished:
Initial evaluation. It is one of a pedagogical nature. It is done frequently at the beginning of an educational level and its purpose is the cognitive evaluation of each student. It also inquires about the type of prior information that the student possesses but also evaluates social functions, character or personality.
Formative evaluation. It is one that is performed almost continuously. It has a qualitative character and generally has a positive or negative influence on the summative evaluation.
Summative evaluation. This type of evaluation is one that assesses the degree of assimilation as a consequence of a learning process. It has a score expressed by a letter or a number. That is, it is a type of quantitatively measurable evaluation.