10 Characteristics Of Brazil, A Unique and Fascinating Destination


Discover the 10 key characteristics of Brazil, including its diverse culture, stunning natural beauty, rich history, and more. Learn what makes this South American country a unique and fascinating place to explore.

Brazil is a country located in South America, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and several other South American countries to the north, west, and south. It is the fifth-largest country in the world by both land area and population, with diverse geographical features such as the Amazon rainforest, the Brazilian Highlands, and numerous rivers and beaches. Brazil is known for its rich cultural heritage, including music, dance, and literature, as well as its strong economic potential and global influence. Its official language is Portuguese, and its capital city is BrasĂ­lia.

10 Characteristics Of Brazil - What Country is Brazil?

Characteristics Of Brazil

1. Geographic boundaries

Brazil is located in South America and is bordered by several countries, including:

  • To the north: Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana
  • To the northwest: Colombia
  • To the west: Peru and Bolivia
  • To the southwest: Paraguay and Argentina
  • To the south: Uruguay

Brazil also has a long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean to the east, stretching for over 7,000 kilometers (4,350 miles). The country has a total land area of approximately 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles), making it the fifth-largest country in the world by land area.


2. Geography

Brazil has a diverse geography with a variety of natural features and landscapes, including:

  • The Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon Basin covers about 60% of Brazil’s land area and is home to the world’s largest rainforest, known for its incredible biodiversity.
  • Brazilian Highlands: This region in central Brazil is a plateau that covers most of the country’s interior. It includes the Serra do Mar and Serra da Mantiqueira mountain ranges.
  • Atlantic Coastline: Brazil’s eastern coast is home to over 4,500 miles (7,000 km) of coastline, with sandy beaches, coral reefs, and rugged cliffs.
  • Rivers: The Amazon River is the largest river in the world by volume and flows through Brazil, along with other major rivers like the Paraguay, ParanĂĄ, and SĂŁo Francisco.
  • Wetlands: The Pantanal is the world’s largest tropical wetland and is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including jaguars, caimans, and capybaras.

Brazil also has a variety of climate zones, from equatorial in the north to temperate in the south, with different regions experiencing varying levels of rainfall and temperature throughout the year.

10 Characteristics Of Brazil - What Country is Brazil?

3. Population

As of 2021, the population of Brazil is estimated to be approximately 213 million people, making it the fifth most populous country in the world. The population is diverse, with a mixture of ethnicities and cultures resulting from centuries of immigration and colonization.

The largest ethnic group in Brazil is the people of European descent, followed by people of mixed European, African, and indigenous ancestry, commonly referred to as pardos. There are also significant African, indigenous, and Asian populations.

Brazil is an urbanized country, with over 85% of the population living in urban areas. The largest cities in Brazil are SĂŁo Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and BrasĂ­lia. The country has a relatively young population, with a median age of around 32 years old. The official language is Portuguese, and the majority of the population is Roman Catholic.

4. Religion

Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in Brazil, with approximately 64.6% of the population identifying as Catholic. However, there is also a significant number of Protestants, accounting for approximately 22.2% of the population. Other religions practiced in Brazil include Spiritism, which is a blend of indigenous and African beliefs with European Spiritism, and Afro-Brazilian religions, such as Candomblé and Umbanda, which have roots in African religions brought to Brazil during the slave trade.


Brazil’s constitution guarantees freedom of religion, and the country is known for its religious diversity and tolerance. Religious practices and celebrations play an important role in Brazilian culture, with festivals and events such as Carnival and Festa Junina combining Catholic traditions with local customs and music.

5. Culture

Capoeira, a mix of dance and fight, traditional of Brazil.
The colonizers of Brazil have erased practically all the features of the previous culture. For this reason the current culture of the inhabitants in Brazil has a strong German, Portuguese and Italian heritage.

It could also be said that music is the characteristic expression of Brazil, being this the fundamental element of expression for that society. The most listened to music is African and Portuguese folklore. The bossa nova is composed of a combination of samba and jazz, a musical genre also with great attraction among Brazilian residents.

On the other hand inherits from the conquering countries a society of hierarchy of patriarchal type.

6. Education

Currently, primary education is free and compulsory for children between 7 and 14 years old. However, there is a fairly high percentage of illiteracy that reaches 19% of the total population. On the other hand, Brazil has secondary and university education, both private and public.

Paulo Freire’s method was a teaching method that articulated the experience and experiences of citizens with practical teaching. Currently it is a method widely used in the pedagogical field worldwide that has managed to reduce the illiteracy rate in this and other countries.

10 Characteristics Of Brazil - What Country is Brazil?

7. Tourism

Being a country with a warm climate, with great kilometers of coasts, one of the main tourist attractions are the white sand beaches with crystalline waters, turquoise and with corals everywhere.

On the other hand, the IguazĂș Falls comprise another great attraction worldwide since it is considered one of the 7 wonders of the modern world and declared a natural heritage of humanity by UNESCO.

In addition, cities, with their monuments, museums and buildings, also represent an important tourist attraction.

8. Economy

Brazil has the ninth-largest economy in the world, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of approximately $1.3 trillion USD as of 2021. The country is considered to be one of the world’s leading emerging markets, with abundant natural resources and a diverse economy.


Brazil’s economy is driven by a range of sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, services, and natural resource extraction. The country is a major producer and exporter of commodities such as soybeans, coffee, sugar, and beef, as well as industrial products such as automobiles, aircraft, and machinery. The services sector is also a significant contributor to the economy, particularly in areas such as finance, telecommunications, and tourism.

Despite its economic potential, Brazil faces significant challenges, including income inequality, high levels of corruption, and a large informal economy. The country has also been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has had a significant impact on its economy, leading to a contraction in GDP in 2020. However, Brazil’s government and private sector continue to work towards economic growth and stability.

9. Politics

Brazil is a federal presidential representative democratic republic, with a president serving as both the head of state and head of government. The country has a multi-party system, with numerous political parties represented in the National Congress, which is composed of the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.

The constitution of Brazil, adopted in 1988, guarantees a range of individual rights and freedoms, including freedom of expression, religion, and the press. Brazil’s legal system is based on civil law, and the country has a Supreme Court as the highest court of appeals.

Brazil has had a tumultuous political history, with periods of military dictatorship in the 20th century and ongoing challenges with corruption and political instability. In recent years, Brazil has faced political turmoil, with scandals involving high-level politicians and business leaders. The country has also been polarized politically, with divisions between left and right-wing groups.

10 Characteristics Of Brazil - What Country is Brazil?

10. Natural resources and trade

Brazil is rich in natural resources, which are a major contributor to its economy. Some of the country’s most important natural resources include:

  • Agriculture: Brazil is a leading producer and exporter of commodities such as soybeans, coffee, sugar, and beef.
  • Minerals: Brazil has significant deposits of iron ore, bauxite, and other minerals, which are important for the country’s steel and manufacturing industries.
  • Oil and gas: Brazil is a major producer of oil and gas, with significant offshore reserves in the pre-salt layer.

Brazil is also an active participant in global trade, with a range of international partners. The country’s top trading partners include China, the United States, Argentina, and the European Union. Brazil is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and participates in various trade agreements, including the Mercosur regional trade bloc, which includes Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela (currently suspended).

In addition to its exports of agricultural products and natural resources, Brazil also has a growing service sector, particularly in areas such as finance, technology, and tourism.

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