We explain the basics of basketball, the general rules of the game, and its main features.
Basketball, also known under the name of basketball is a sport that is played as a team, mostly on a covered track although there are also modalities that are practiced on the open track. It was created in late 1891 by the physical education teacher James Naismith, with the need to be able to perform an athletic activity in winter.
In basketball, two teams compete with five players each, for 4 periods of time or quarters. When the second quarter ends, a break is taken that will last approximately 15 to 20 minutes, according to the regulation of the championship.
This sport has reached a great development and popularity in the whole planet, being currently one of the most influential and relevant sport practices at a global level. Leagues like the North American one or those that are developed in several European countries concentrate important economic investments and many of the parties become multitudinous events.
An inclusive modality of basketball has also been created for people with mobility problems, which is played in a wheelchair with a regulation practically identical to that of the conventional version.
Characteristics of basketball
The players are positioned as follows:
Base or playmaker: counterattack with the ball to the opposite sector, protecting the attack game of his own team. They have a great government of ball, vision of game, etc. They do not need to have a great height.
Escort or help-base: player regularly lower, dizzying and faster than the rest. Collaborate with the base in the coordination of the attack.
Eave or wing: usually has a medium height. His game is fair between the impulse and the shot. It occupies a significant place thanks to its ability to integrate height quickly and because it manages to break the opposing defense.
Ala-Pívot: they are of great help for the pivot. They try to repress the inner game of the opposite set by closing the rebound. They must have a considerable height.
Pívot: they are the players of greater height and physical texture within the team. They use these conditions next to the hoop, both offensive and defensive. Located in the defense, they will aspire to pick up a short rebound, disable the opponent’s game and intercept entries. On offense, usually define the plays under the ring.
In the statute of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), it is stipulated that each match consists of four periods of 10 minutes each.
According to the National Basketball Association (NBA), the time of each period will be 12 minutes and for the NCAA two periods of 20 minutes each will be established.
If the match ends in a tie between both teams, an extension of 5 more minutes must be executed, lengthen it until it is repeated until one of the teams finishes taking advantage in the score.
Each team will consist of a maximum of 12 players, 5 of them will be the titular team and the other 7 players will be the substitutes.
The coach of each team will make all the changes they want in reference to the players, taking advantage of the game’s own interruptions.
Particularly, in the collegiate and children’s categories all the players that belong to a team will have to play at least one time during the first three quarters, allowing substitutions only in the last quarter.
When the ball crosses the opposing ring an annotation occurs. If the throwing occurred on the occasion of a free kick after a foul, a point is awarded to the attacking team. If it is thrown inside the so-called triple zone and up to the rim in game action, two points will be scored. When the throw is produced outside the triple zone, the team will score three points.
5. Start of the match
At the beginning of the game, a player from each of the teams will be placed inside the central orbit with one of their feet near the line that separates the court in two halves, the rest of the players will be outside the circle. The referee, from the center of the circle, long the ball up and these two players will jump perpendicularly in order to try to divert it into the hands of a teammate.
In most tournaments there are often two referees, who are authorized to lead the game. In other meetings or professional leagues, three referees can coexist, while in those with a lower budget there is only one.
On the scorers’ tables are the scorer, the assistant scorer, a timekeeper and the 24-second rule operator. Sometimes there is also the presence of a commissioner, who inspects all incidences of the game (score, timeouts and games, fouls, changes of players) and drafts a record of the game.
It is approximately 3.05 meters above the ground. In the ring there is a net, thus taking on the appearance of a basket or basket.
The international courts have a standard measure of 28 by 15 meters, this is approximately 92 by 49 feet.
In as much, the fields of the North American league (NBA), possess the following measures: 29 by 15 meters (approximately 94 by 50 feet).
10. Infractions or faults
To touch the ball intentionally or to hit it with the fist, to load the ball more than one step, to be inside the area delimited by more than three seconds while the ball is kept, to knock down or to load a player and other game actions constitute contraventions, faults or infractions that give rise to a throw in favor of the opposing team, sometimes the recovery of control of the ball from their own area or the realization of a direct shot to the ring or free throw, from a line located at 4.60 meters from the board that contains the ring.